After reading part 2, I realized how much influence politics have in Winston’s daily life and how it acts within his own individuality. On the second chapter, I noticed how everything involves a political act and how much surrounded they are by the Party, the telescreen, microphones and the propaganda. Winston is fascinated by everything that goes against the Party and Big Brother; he maintains his writing on the diary as a gesture of his own rebellion against the system. He is aware that writing in the diary can consequently result in punishment, torture and death, however he feels the need to share how corrupt the government is. Winston mentions his dislike for purity and “truthful” beliefs when speaking to Julia, “ I hate purity I hate goodness. I don't want any virtue to exist anywhere. I want everyone to be corrupt to the bones” (Orwell 125). I believe Winston lost his hope of a fair society, where love and desire can be pure and true. In the novel, Winston is aware of the corrupt system he belongs to, and how all aspects are influenced by the political corruptive system. Everything becomes political in 1984; sex itself can be seen as a “rebellion” committed by Winston, just like writing in his diary is a “rebellion” since it goes against the Party principals. Winston also points out the lack of humanity that is seen in his community, since none of them are free enough to “construct” their individuality. They are not allowed to have freedom of speech or to think the way they wish to, since every act they do is being constantly manipulated. Winston explains in the same chapter for Julia, his belief when said by the author, “ That was above all what he wanted to hear. Not merely the love of one person, but the animal instinct, the simple undifferentiated desire: that was the force that would tear the Party to pieces.” (Orwell 126) No sentiment is now pure or real, since all their emotions are a combination of fear and hatred. They do not allow themselves to view each other as desirable, since they embrace in the political act. They are not human enough to allow themselves to feel all possible desire and allow themselves to love, however, their animal instinct is so big that they judge everything as undifferentiated desire. Winston’s attraction for Julia is influenced by the fact that she was not pure, and that the Party itself was corrupting their own ideals by having sex with Julia. The fact that the Party itself was corruptive, it evoked a greater hope for Winston that what he believes is right and that he may come to judge their system.
These chapters were important to the books plot because it shows a form of rebellion between Julia and Winston. When she tells him that she loves him, Winston feels the desire to continue living, and it is as if he has found “the light at the end of the tunnel”. He begins his affair with her, and is fascinated by the fact that she has had various other affairs before; her defying the Party excites him. Julia explains to Winston how the Party and Big Brother use the citizens sexual frustration to channel their hate towards Eurasia and their passion towards Big Brother; sex is another way to control them. He no longer believes that she is a spy out to get him, and he dreams of living the life of an old married happy couple with her. Julia is the complete opposite of Winston. While he is depressed and longs to understand the Party, Julia simply lives her life, enjoying her affairs without overthinking all the oppression that she lives in. She helps Winston understand how the Party controls the people through sexual frustration, and reminds him that he is alive with her sensuality. Julia is a good influence for Winston because she helps him not live in depression. She brings him the want to live and the feeling of happiness, and helps distract him from his daily troubles. Winston stops feeling so alone after beginning his affair with Julia.
I don’t really know which prompt this blog post fits in, and since I’m tired of interpreting quotes, I’d like to take the post’s objective to its root. This post will be about a random topic that was surely put in the novel on purpose by the author. The topic is: animals. No, I’m not joking, animals. George Orwell has a great capacity in associating animals and humans, a great example is the novel Animal Farm, which associates the Russian Revolution to animals in a farm. In chapters two and four of part two, two references called my attention, the reference to birds and to rats. A distracted reader would barely notice their presence within the chapter, but can such a small reference have an enormous meaning within the novel? Yes! Whenever I think about birds, what comes into my mind? Freedom, especially because I grew up with my father telling me that if he were an animal, he’d rather be a bold eagle since it has no limitations, in other words, it has freedom. Orwell's detailed explanation makes the reader actually feel the contrast between being free or not, "It was in the sun, they in the shade. It spread out its wings, fitted them carefully into place again, ducked its head for a moment, as though making a sort of obeisance to the sun, and then began to pour forth a torrent of song" (Orwell 123). If the reader starts to take his words beyond its literal meaning, they will see that he is really trying to contrast, observe how he says that the bird was in "the sun" and Julia and Winston were in "the shade", this means that one pursuits freedom and the other one doesn't, it follows an obscure life. The bird then shows its freedom by singing, "The music went on and on, minute after minute, with astonishing variations, never once repeating itself, almost as though the bird were deliberately showing off its virtuosity" (Orwell 124), as he sang, he shows his infinite capacity and liberty to sing as long as he wants to, with no limitations. Then Orwell explicitly compares the bird with Julia and Winston, "For whom, for what, was that bird singing? No mate, no rival was watching it. What made it sit at the edge of the lonely wood and pour its music into nothingness? He wondered whether af- ter all there was a microphone hidden somewhere near. He and Julia had spoken only in low whispers, and it would not pick up what they had said, but it would pick up the thrush" (Orwell 124), whereas the bird can sing as long as he wants to, since no one is monitoring him, while Julia and Winston have to whisper in case there is a microphone. After the bird brings the sense of liberty to Winston, he finally "took fright and fled with a clatter of wings" (Orwell 124). The sound of wings clattering makes reference to liberty and freedom, as if they are finally free within that territory. On the other side, in chapter four, a brief reference to rats is made. Whenever someone thinks about rats, they see as a disgusting plague that take over societies and cities. Coincidence? No, the Big Brother is also seen as a plague by Winston and Julia, it took all over societies and cities. As Julia describes, "‘They’re all over the place,’ said Julia indifferently as she lay down again. ‘We’ve even got them in the kitchen at the hostel. Some parts of London are swarming with them. Did you know they attack children? Yes, they do. In some of these streets a woman daren’t leave a baby alone for two minutes. It’s the great huge brown ones that do it. And the nasty thing is that the brutes always" (Orwell 144), if the reader stops to notice that this explanation goes way beyong literal, they'll see that Orwell is describing the INGSOC. It is everywhere in telescreens and with Thought Police, even the children are affected since they are the ones who give in their parents. Then Orwell connects the rats to Wintons nightmares, which reflect his anguish and the worst of his torments, "He was standing in front of a wall of darkness, and on the other side of it there was something unendurable, something too dreadful to be faced. In the dream his deepest feeling was always one of self-deception, because he did in fact know what was behind the wall of darkness. With a deadly effort, like wrenching a piece out of his own brain, he could even have dragged the thing into the open. He always woke up without discovering what it was: but somehow it was connected with what Julia had been saying when he cut her short" (Orwell 144), somehow, the rats were related to his nightmare, but how? The rats are pests just like INGSOC, something that is not easy to kill and can only be killed if lots of effort and persistence is put into vanishing it. George Orwell has the facility to relate animals and what they mean to humans, is it possible that other animals, such as the pigs in Animal Farm will help foreshadow what happens in the end of the novel?
Animals Beyond Literal Meaning
How does love affect human beings? Is it the problem of our society? Just like the World State in Brave New World, Oceania in 1984, exclude love from society as means of controlling citizens not to rebel against the leaders. The main theme of this part of the novel was sexuality, the transformation of Winston’s dream of having a love relation into reality. What most intrigued me was Julia’s conversation with Winston when she stated “All this marching up and down and cheering and waving flags is simply sex gone sour” (Orwell 133). She explained that the Party needs public support in order to maintain itself and sex would take it out of them, because even sex is related with politics and their view of maintaining the Party in power. Winston sees these illicit sexual relations of many party members as a hope of a rebellion against the party; however, it is impossible to know if such members feel like him or like Julia. Will the sexual relations one day lead to a rebellion? Does this foreshadow an end to the party? It has shocked me to see that everything around Winston is manipulated, everything that in our society seem to be important like family and love relations, just like in the World State. All of these things are transformed to benefit the Party, controlled by the Thought Police with fear, since it will be impossible for them to create this rebellion despite many being doing crimes, because anyone can be spying and Big Brother could be watching them. In Brave New World, John was the character that contested such structures of the World State and in 1984, Winston is the one which is contesting such things; however, will Winston’s fate be similar to John will he die fighting for what he believe?
The words I love you remained stored in my heart. A curious emotion stirred in my heart, like a knife through butter, Julia came into my life. Yet, it is hard for me to get in touch with that girl. I always thought of her naked, I imagined her youthful body with mine. Oh God! She is too young and at the same time she is more experienced than I am, and I love that. Is like listening to John Meyer song 'Your body is Wonderlad'. My life now is like a soundtrack. Well, anyways todayI didn’t know how to speak with her, since there were a lot of people at the Victoria square. We had to pretend like we didn’t know each other, like every time in public. However, she is so astute; she outlined a different route I was supposed to follow. Is like if she had a map inside her head! She took me to the forest hide out. She knew the place perfectly because she got lost during camping. I was so nervous, but I was enjoying it. She has done these scores of times. I wish it had been hundreds, thousands! Anything that showed corruption from her! She inspires me a wild hope to rebel myself against everything. When you make love, your using up energy; and afterwards you feel happy and don’t give a damn for anything. I love how she is against the party, she is not afraid to try. I want everyone to be corrupt to the bones! I am corrupt to the bones. I hate how we don’t have that freedom to speak, see and listen. Every day will get harder for us to meet. I am still having that fear of getting caught. That’s why she left first and then me, in a different route of course. Julia told me is not safe to go home the same way I got out. I loved meeting with Julia. I feel more secure with Julia; I have no difficulty in talking with her. We are partners in crime now. We are against the party. There is no way out, how should we end if we already experienced the feeling. I am not interested in what is going to happen I am just interest in us. Julia and I.
The differences and similarities between Winston and Julia are embraced on the first chapters of part two. The optimistic view of Julia and the complete opposite pessimistic view of Winston are shows on chapter three, “We are the dead, He Said.— We’re not dead yet, Said Julia prosaically. Not physically. Six months, a year, five years, conceivably. I am afraid of death. You are young, so presumably you’re more afraid of it than I am.” Winston knows that they are going to be caught and that this is only a matter o time to happen. Julia, at the other hand, is not afraid and believes that they can proceed with ought being caught.
Although they have these major differences they are attached due to the fact that both of them are against the party and in search of freedom. When they first meet at the Golden Country a bird appears, symbolizing the freedom they both need. Later on chapter four it’s clear that the couple is now living as normal people from the past, and this comforts both of them. From who was the bird singing to? Why was he on that specific branch singing to nothingness? Winston and Julia’s different views are also transmitted inside Mr. Charrington’s upstairs room, and throughout the rat that comes from the wall. Both the room and the rat that pokes Julia represent the possibility of they being captured. Their different reactions when the rat appeared also show their different way of thinking. Winston is afraid and remembers his nightmare while Julia comforts him with no preoccupation. How long will this “normal” living of the couple last? Is the party testing them?
The memory Winston has of his wife also suggests a comparison between two characters, Julia and Katherine. The couples Winston-Julia and Winston-Katherine, theoretically represent the same thing, but with different woman and different characteristics. The erotic relation between these two couples also shows their similarities. All of them enjoyed love and being normal people, and they all had the same dreams and desires.
After reading the first four chapters of the second part of the book, I could see how hard it is to keep hiding a love affair. Winston and Julia live in a constant fear of being caught and being tortured and killed by the party, however they do not stop meeting. At first, Winston thought Julia could be a member of the party and wanted to spy him, however after the note “I love You!” that she gave him, he changed his mind about her. He was very frightened and was thinking about committing suicide, since he would be tortured before being killed if he was caught by the police, but with the beginning of the affair with Julia, he decided to keep living. As I read through the chapters, I noticed that Winston and Julia have something in common; they both are part of the party to keep themselves safe. Winston is a member of the ministry of truth and Julia a member from the Junior anti- sex League. They were committing thought crimes and could be arrested if caught. Winston knew that he was committing these crimes that are why he feared so much the police. Winston was really in love with Julia and wanted to marry her, however he had already experienced a marriage that did not end up well. Will their affair end up in marriage? Is Julia really loving Winston or is there a plan to arrest him behind all? These are some questions that came to my mind while reading, since I find it very suspect that Julia is part of the anti sex- league. I think this affair is not going to last long; they will either be discovered by the police or Julia will denounce him.
In the manipulated society portrayed at the novel 1984, Winston fears that the Thought Police will discover the diary that he has which shows the individuality, and chasing to find the undiscovered world where it has been erased or modified. During the beginning of the second part, Winston says “It was a physical problem that had to be solved: how to get in touch with the girl and arrange a meeting. He did not consider the possibility that she might be laying some kind of trap for him” (Orwell 109). He has finally arrived into a conclusion that the girl that he thought would lead to his death actually has another intention. I believe that Winston is now thinking that this girl is part of a social group where is against the oppressive government. The character will attempt to find this girl to be able to discover the intention that she has. This idea of having a group to go against the government is very common. In Brazil, this occurred during the Military Dictatorship, where the government would chase all the student and people that opposed the government method, and the former president Dilma Rouseff was one of those student that kidnapped a represent of a nation here in Brazil. Her intention was to show to the world, all of the deaths and suffering that was occurring at the country due to this dictatorship. Coming into a conclusion, I believe that this girl that Winston is searching is part of an organization to change the current government.
Book 2 starts with a very intriguing scene: Julia gave Winston a message saying that she loves him. Winston even thought that she was a spy and wanted to discover something about him, but later on, he knew she was a normal person. “He could not resist reading it once again” (Orwell, 108). He had never felt that before, this feeling of love, and he knew that something was going wrong with him. However, he felt a sudden power to live.
How could she love him if she didn’t even know him? “No emotion was pure, because everything was mixed up with fear and hatred. Their embrace had been a battle, the climax a victory. It was a blow struck against the party. It was a political act” (Orwell, 126). Does this mean that they love each other because it is a revolt against the government? Feelings are prohibited in Oceania, prorogating individuality. Everyone must be like everyone else, without feelings, without pleasure. Life is just one, and you need to give it to the Party. Sex, is one of the biggest subjects in part 2. When Winston meets Julia I the woods, they had sex with each other. However, sex is prohibited by the government; it is a crime making love, and if they were discovered, they would be annihilated. The sex impulse was dangerous to the party, and the party had turned it into account” (Orwell, 133). Sex is prohibited by the Party, to make people hate even more the Party’s enemies and to love even more Big Brother.
Julia and Winton are character foils. They are very different from one another. She is not against the government, and does not want to rebel. She just likes to feel her body and know that she is alive. Winston, in the other hand, is her completely opposite. He believes that the government is controlling everyone and everything, and wants to go against it. “We are dead,” said Winston (136) believing in a negative side. Julia is optimist, “we are not dead yet,” she said (137).
Winston wants to live with Julia like they were married, but he was married once and didn’t work out. However, I question, is there is no love, why was Winston married once, to procreate? But didn’t his wife hated sex? So he loved her, didn’t he? This whole thing about sex and love confuses me throughout this compelling novel.
Prompt 1 – An Unspoken Connection
“A curious emotion stirred through Winston’s heart. In front of him was an enemy who was trying to kill him; in front of him, also, was a human creature, in pain and perhaps with a broken bone. Already, he had instinctively started forward to help her.” (Orwell 106) This scene is key to the entire plot of the novel. It is the joining of partners in crime, and therefore needed to be described as vividly as it was. If the scene were skipped with a mere cut to a scene where it’s implicit that Winston and Julia are together, it would severely impact the flow of the novel, evoking less emotions and making it more confusing. It could raise questions regarding the feasibility and practicality of such affair such as: How can people with no direct professional or social connections possibly schedule meetings with each other without getting caught? With this scene Orwell shows exactly how.
Moreover, the way the scene is written is also important. Orwell simply writes “a curious emotion” as opposed to giving us the typical detailed stream of consciousness. This vague diction allows the reader to decide what to call the emotion after reading the following actions that take place. Specifying “love” would give too much away too quickly and “empathy” or” pity” would be large understatements. The concise and succinct description of Winston’s emotion also helps keep the scene more action-based making the reader less reflective and more attentive and excited.
Next, with very subtle but (in my opinion) intentional foreshadowing, Orwell writes “an enemy who was trying to kill him.” This refers to something beyond Winston’s unjustified hatred for the girl that he expressed through thought thus far. It hints that her fall is not a mere accident. But the kick-off gesture of a plan that could get him killed!
Finally, Winston “instinctively” starts to help her. In fact he is a unique man in that he has stronger instincts and emotions (sometimes “curious emotions” too!) than tolerated in his society. He had instinctively decided that the world was a better place before the revolution and now he is instinctively deciding to help someone who was heretofore his enemy.
Considering the type of person Julia is later found to be, the reader understands that helping her was a decision that Winston wouldn’t regret or question. Like him, she was able to feel and think more than was accepted by the party. Because of that, they already had an unspoken connection which may have influenced his decision to help her. If it had been anyone else falling then and there, would he have helped them? Say it was someone who he had never noticed or dreamt of, someone who later would not turn out to be his partner, your average Ogilvy.
In real life, we often decide to begin communication with other people in an environment unconsciously because of the way they carry themselves or because of nuances in their countenance. This can often be noticed when, among dozens of people, you decide to begin a conversation with the one who “looks friendly” or you “think” has something in common with you based on their attire or posture. Sometimes these people become your friends or significant others. Other times you are terribly mistaken. Is this a reliable way of choosing acquaintances? If not, can it be helped? Suppose you decided to always go against your first instinct in fear of being wrong. Wouldn’t that also be an instinct?
Throughout the entire novel, Orwell is proficient at depicting these otherwise unnoticed aspects of human behavior (e.g. Ampleforth, O’Brien, Julia, the old man at the Café etc.) and in a world where one should not take chances by speaking to them, this wordless selection of company is crucial.
“ He had a feeling that he could get inside it, and that in fact he was inside it, along with the mahogany bed and the gateleg table and the clock and the steel engraving and the paperweight itself. The paperweight was the room he was I, and the coral was Julia`s life and his own, fixed in a sort of eternity at the heart of the crystal.”
This quote pretty much explains Winston’s feelings about his love affair with Julia. He is an mid-aged man that made sex for the first time with Julia, a black haired woman, good-looking and wanted her own pleasure. Winston had a weird view about Julia having sex with other guys in the party, he saw that as positive other party members survived after a love affair. A normal man would feel bad if he knew his girlfriend had sex with other guys, but in his case more man meet more chances of being alive. He believed that the paperweight was a symbol of their moment, as he calls the room a paperweight. He considered the coral being their lives and were imprisoned together in a new world were the party didn’t claim their love. In that atmosphere he was free to love and to receive love. In fact sex is not permitted in society because normally affairs cause suffrage and these bad feeling can be compared to Big Brother, making him loose popularity. In the parties eyes sex only cases instability and the loss of control and power, Julia and Winston are entering a very risky adventure. How can humans live without love and affection? 1984 brings a very sad world were pleasure is evil and war is to be considered peace.
Write something about yourself. No need to be fancy, just an overview.